Syria’s refugee crisis began in March 2011 as pro-democracy protests turned violent, sparking even more protests by hundreds of thousands of Syrians. Violence escalated into civil war, and the United Nations estimated that 90,000 people were killed by June 2013. That number climbed to 250,000 by August 2015 and had drawn in neighboring countries, world powers, jihadists and the Islamic State (ISIS).
Horrific human rights violations have been reported, including public executions, beheadings, amputations and the use of chemical weapons against civilians (Source: BBC). People fled for their lives, leaving behind their belongings, friends, family and any sense of welfare or security.